The project concerns the rehabilitation of young offenders in Poggioreale Prison by the Association in an experimental phase of what is known as the "invisible City".
During this experimental phase, the first step of the Libera Project, many ideas and views have emerged, the monitoring of which has supplied some interesting data which may be used to adjust and enrich the original idea.
In the penitentiary world a number of demands and needs exist which should lead those Institutions working within the sector to:
- create opportunities for reintegration and the attainment of personal dignity
- contribute to promoting a society which aims at the total social rehabilitation of the offender
- help to put into action the constitutional principle according to which any punishment or detention measure must respect human dignity.
The Libera Project arose with the need to promote both new employment aims and the growth of expressive forms which may identify among those to whom the project is geared, not only those persons to be rehabilitated but also those who really share certain attitudes.
This process should consider a profound transformation of the
interpretative potential of the world itself so as to ensure that the process does not fail.
The problems which make entering the job market difficult for the target groups are many and varied.
The socio-cultural background, the linear, extended family taking the place of the nuclear family, rapid technological progress with its repercussions on the job market constitute just some of the many important variables which must be taken into account within the project.
The project should be involved, besides specific vocational training, in the psychological training process, not only in the sense of practical working skills but also working towards a personal awareness of the processes which led to the adhesion to "illegal" behaviour
One of the difficulties faced by those involved is to keep their attention and a certain continuity in what is actually a long-term training process. Two other factors must be taken into account: the fact that many offenders have been exposed to drugs; the fact that
participating in the training activity means that they are offered custodial alternatives such as semi-release and guardianship.
The activities of the Motivation Team does help many offenders to progress though it does not eliminate completely the abandoning of the course. This may be due to several factors among which the return to the prison circuit because of previous sentences pending.
We must take into account the ever-present risk of a return to former behaviour patterns; the necessity to reach a more substantial income than the training allowance as the activity progresses, especially for those subjects who have a family to provide for; the difficulties in
keeping a group together which may actually clash within and with the rigidness of the norms by which they are governed.