The craft industry
in many ways represents an important economic sector in Italy. In terms of employment
consistency and enterprise it accounts for one third of the enterprise basis of the whole
country and contributes 12% of the gross national product.
In this area knowhow is gained by apprenticeship. In addition, the large-scale craft
company provides a nursery for enterprise; some 60% of craft entrepreneurs are trained by
the within the craft companies.
This has led us to select the craft industry as the definitive area for the choice of
training activity and enterprise partners (the Association of Craft Enterprises).
SETTING UP AND
MANAGMENT OF THE FIRST TRAINING COURSE
The first training
period in the workshop began with a small number of trainees, a group which has
progressively grown with the integration of new trainees who followed a monitoring period
overseen by motivation experts to verify its features.
Another important part of the initial phase was the building up of relations with the
families of the trainees.
The other main element in the training process is made up of the craft tutors themselves.
Motivation among the craft enterprises is necessarily extremely high since no incentives
are actually planned. These craftsmen have a dual role in this phase of the project:
- on the one hand
they are tutors, that is, committed to providing knowhow,
- on the other hand
they themselves are to be trained so that they may warn the central team of any
difficulties that they or the trainees might have.
A system of
motivation control has been designed aimed at the trainees but also at the families and
the craftsmen themselves.
The course head and the two tutors should make periodic visits to the workshops to check
the progress of the activity. Specifically the following are assessed: the level of
integration of the trainee in the workshop team; the level of learning achieved by the
trainees; the level of motivation concerning the training course.
Thus an outline of the activity may be represented thus:
ACTIVITY AND TRAINING
are planned every two weeks with the trainees and, should the team leaders think fit, with
family members and/or the craftsmen.
A maximum of 10 trainees should be present in order to make listening and checking both
possible and effective.
The motivation leaders should be assisted in subsequent activity by volunteers and tutors.
All the tutors and
volunteers have participated to a training course of 30 hours.
The general aims of all the activities are :
Supply tools to follow the learning phases of the craft,
Verify the relationship of the trainee with both the holder and colleagues.
Verify the motivation of trainee,
Establish a relation with the person in charge of motivation
Establish a relation with families,
Create new ideas for the future.
In the first period, relative to the first training course, volunteers and tutor of the
project have participated to a training aimed at the methodology of relationships among
the subjects participating to the project; and at prison problems.
THE FIRST STAGE
OF TUTOR -TRAINING
To work out the
functional roles assigned to everyone the operators of the project must have a range of
knowledge, competence and abilities that go further, though including, the knowledge,
competence and abilities required by the professional figures carrying out traditional
In such a complex training, with such difficult subjects, the role of the tutor is to
create an interaction with the user, experimenting new courses and instruments. So that
the following relationships are fundamental:
tutor - volunteer motivation team training head craft tutor on one
and tutor operator motivation team trainees families and
training head on the other side.
COURSE: DETAILS OF THE EXECUTIVE PLANNING
The theoretic phase
and the beginning of the activities have been realised in the first period of the project,
self-financed and carried out in prison. The course includes ten trainees, to complete a
course of first experimentation.
The identification of trainees is very hard. The selection plan provided to the
penitentiary director and to the social services, is purely indicative, it is not
possible, either to contact the candidates or to know their penal, familiar or judiciary
PURPOSES OF THE
The intention is to
experiment a rehabilitation course of the target- subjects through two-levels action:
A personalised integration into the world of work.
The sector of activity in the first training course is car repairs, the
qualification is car repair worker.
The course intends
to form a multi-functional operator in the car repair industry. The utilisation of
this course can allow the acquisition of a working culture within a personalised
collective dimension which is a feature of the small business.
The subjects have
had experience with world of work that has negatively influenced their growth, the
didactic organisation must therefore keep in mind this problem. The aim is to realise
individualised learning courses, with an action learning methodology that exploits
the individual potentiality inserting them into the enterprise organisation.
The organisation of
the activities in modules is significant of the matter learned during the course,
constituted by a stage, articulated in phases which correspond to a typical job in the
workshop. In fact the theoretical introduction to the profession realised in the initial
part of the project.
So that during the stage period the attention of the trainees is directed to direct
learning, by means of observation, verification of the methodology and the operative
procedure of the productive cycle of car repairs.
The matters are dealt with over a time span dictated by the working time in the workshop,
so that every day different matters are dealt with and verified, using the method of the
transversal treatment of the didactic modules provided by the project.